Thus, a four-person family pays more than €25,000 for the German energy transition directly and indirectly,” says Professor Justus Haucap, economist and director of the Düsseldorf Institute. That is more than €6,000 per family member. What’s more, the lion’s share of €18,000, or €4,500, still awaits consumers since the costs are increasing exponentially. In addition, the study merely includes the period to 2025 and only the electricity sector. But the costs are likely to continue after that, especially if you consider that the Energiewende now also aims to manage, if possible, without fossil fuels such as oil, coal and gas in the entire transport and heating sector. This concept, which is known as “integrated energy,” will cost billions of additional euros – for example, for subsidies for electric cars and electric heat pumps
But for Hermann Falk, director of the German Renewable Energy Federation (BEE), the calculation by the Düsseldorf Institute doesn’t hold. “Even without the Energiewende, the networks would have to be modernized and expanded, a fact the study neglects to mention. Furthermore, without the energy transition we would have to pay much more for climate protection,” he says. Falk also criticizes the fact that the Dice study, which is funded by employer associations, does not take into account the benefits of the Energiewende, such as the creation of 360,000 jobs or investments in the construction of new green electricity plants. In 2015 alone, these totaled €15 billion.